Unuk Watershed Resources
Proposed KSM Project: Impacts
A SkeenaWild video on the Kerr Sulphurets Mitchell (KSM) mine proposed by Seabridge Gold Inc. The proposed mine would release metals into the Unuk watershed that would exceed levels known to have serious impacts on salmon.
Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska Resolution Opposing KSM
Unuk River Post
Tongass Conservation Society
Sub-lethal metal toxicity concerns for Unuk watershed salmonids from Seabridge Gold’s proposed KSM mine
A SkeenaWild report on the proposed KSM project’s predicted concentrations for 7 heavy metals to be released during ore-extraction operations into the salmon-bearing Sulphurets Creek and Unuk River, including relevant examples of the effect of concentrations known to adversely affect salmonids.
Ketchikan Indian Community
Scientist Letter of Concern About Proposed Development in the Transboundary Watersheds
A letter from 36 scientists to Premier Christy Clark asking for her leadership to balance impending industrial development in northwest B.C. with the outstanding fish, wildlife and ecological values of this largely pristine region.
Seabridge Gold’s KSM Project: Risk Analysis, November 2014
A new report from Salmon Beyond Borders and EarthWorks about the proposed KSM mine in northwest British Columbia near Southeast Alaska which found that the project’s remote location, low-grade ore, and geotechnical challenges make it risky, expensive, and unusually difficult to build.
Grizzly Bear Population Inventory & Monitoring Across the Skeena Region of British Columbia
The Skeena Region represents almost one-third of British Columbia, including the transboundary region, and includes 15 grizzly bear population units. Due to the general lack of baseline information about populations and associated trends, there is no comprehensive plan for regional management of grizzly bear populations and habitats. This report by Clayton Apps, PhD, reviews and assesses current knowledge regarding grizzly bear populations across the region and provides a geographic prioritization of objectives pertaining to grizzly bear population inventory and monitoring.
Southeast Alaska Conservation Council
Sub-lethal Metal Toxicity Effects on Salmonids: A Review
A SkeenaWild report on heavy metals and the lowest concentrations of metals reported to cause sub-lethal effects on salmonids. Heavy metals are common pollutants of aquatic systems, often associated with human activities such as hard-rock mining. Fish are vulnerable to metals because of sensitive organs that are continuously in contact with water, and because metals are highly soluble in water.
Seabridge Gold’s KSM Project Risk Analysis: June 2015 - issue 2
A report by Earthworks and Salmon Beyond Borders that questions the economic feasibility of the proposed KSM mine on the Canada/US border.
Integrated Systems Research Program: Cumulative Effects Assessment
A collaborative project of the Bulkley Valley Research Centre on cumulative effects assessment in northwest British Columbia, including a case study on the Iskut-Stikine and upper Nass watersheds. With increasing development pressures, there is a growing recognition of the need to understand and assess the potential impacts of not only large-scale development but of incremental small scale development that can accumulate over time. These cumulative effects can be defined as changes to environmental, social, and economic values caused by the combined effect of present, past, and reasonably foreseeable future actions or events on the land base.
Permitting of “Wet” Mine Tailings Impoundment Facilities in British Columbia and B.C.-Alaska Transboundary Watersheds
Statement of opposition by a large and diverse group of Canadians and Americans calling on the British Columbia government to halt the permitting of wet tailings facilities for new and proposed mines in B.C. based on the Independent Expert Panel recommendations on the Mount Polley mine tailings disaster.
Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska Resolution for a United Tribal Transboundary Mining Workgroup
Letter of Concern to the Alaska congressional delegation and the U.S. Department of State
A letter from Alaskan commercial and sport fishing groups, businesses, communities, tribes, conservation groups and individuals concerned that mining development in northwest British Columbia poses significant risks to downstream Alaskan interests, including water quality, customary and traditional fishing and hunting, commercial and sport fisheries and tourism. The groups request assistance and leadership from the Alaska Congressional Delegation and the U.S. Department of State to identify appropriate mechanisms to provide specific guarantees the natural resources Alaskans depend on will not be harmed by upstream development.
Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska Resolution on Negative Effects of Canadian Transboundary Mining
Salmon Beyond Borders
Salmon Beyond Borders provides information on the mining boom in northwest British Columbia that could threaten Southeast Alaska’s salmon, rivers, fishing and tourism jobs, and unique way of life.
Letter of Concern from the Alaska Congressional Delegation to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry
A letter of concern from the Alaska congressional delegation to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry about the proposed development of several hardrock mines in British Columbia and water quality in transboundary rivers that flow from Canada into Southeast Alaska.
2014 Map of Current and Proposed Mining, Energy, and Forestry Development in Northwest British Columbia
A June 2015 report from the BC First Nation Energy and Mining Council on potential threats from tailings facility failures in northern British Columbia.
Video: Xboundary, from Salmon Beyond Borders
This video from Salmon Beyond Borders tells the important story of three rivers in British Columbia and Southeast Alaska that are in danger from mines frighteningly similar to Mount Polley.
A Rivers Without Borders report on how the Mount Polley Mine report shows the inherent risks of watered tailings impoundments in the transboundary Taku, Iskut-Stikine, and Unuk River watersheds.
Rivers Without Borders
Fair Mining Practices: A New Mining Code for British Columbia
A report from the Fair Mining Collaborative, focusing on positive solutions to complex mining issues. A multi-purpose document, it is a valuable resource for First Nations and other communities whether they are developing mining and resource policies based on traditional laws and customs, negotiating with mining companies, grappling with the tide of internet claim-staking, or searching for solutions to the legacy of mines.
Pacific Salmon Resources in Northern British Columbia and Yukon Transboundary Rivers
A Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council report examining wild salmon resources in Canadian portions of northern BC and Yukon transboundary rivers. The report notes: "There is limited scientific information, priority identification, or relevant information available to help protect the tranboundary region’s most sensitive spawning and rearing salmon habitats and watersheds being exposed to major resource extraction project development and expansion – i.e. mining in Taku, Stikine, and Alsek, and placer mining regime in Upper Yukon, as well as hydro electric installations, coal bed methane projects, pipelines and transmission corridors."
Spreading The Risk: Population Diversity Boosts Fishery Resilience
Nature article on population diversity in salmon species that suggests reducing the homogenizing effects of hatcheries on genetic diversity, protecting weak stocks from over-harvesting, and maintaining intact habitat networks should be prioritized.
Eulachon: A Review of Biology and an Annotated Bibliography
An Alaska Fisheries Science Center review of available literature on eulachon intended to provide a platform for the research that is needed to fill in the many gaps in understanding of this species.
Southeast Alaska Salmon and Trout: A $1Billion Economic Engine
A Trout Unlimited report on the economic importance of salmon and trout to the economy of southeast Alaska.
State of the Salmon
State of the Salmon (SoS) is a Wild Salmon Center program that builds knowledge across borders, linking a greater understanding of Pacific salmon to their improved management and conservation around the Pacific Rim.