Wild Border Watersheds

Resources:

A database of information resources on the transboundary region’s ecology, cultures and industrial proposals. Use the search tools below to find the resources you are looking for.

Photo Credit: Mark Connor

Iskut-Stikine Watershed Resources

Scientist Letter of Concern About Proposed Development in the Transboundary Watersheds

A letter from 36 scientists to Premier Christy Clark asking for her leadership to balance impending industrial development in northwest B.C. with the outstanding fish, wildlife and ecological values of this largely pristine region.

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Red Chris Mine Site: Review of Tailings Impoundment Design

An October 2014 Klohn Crippen Berger review of the tailings impoundment design, water quality predictions, and geohazards at the Red Chris Mine. The review was instigated by the Tahltan Central Council following the failure of the Mount Polley tailings impoundment which released mine waste into the downstream environment.

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First Nations: Land Rights and Environmentalism in British Columbia

This site examines First Nations land rights and environmentalism in B.C., including the transboundary region, where today the mining industry is endangering not only the biodiversity and ecological integrity of the Stikine watershed but also the age old identity and responsibility of the Tahltan as "Keepers of the Land."

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Water Is Life Video: the Stikine River

An Inside Passage Waterkeeper video showing how the clean, rich waters of the Stikine River feed the communities of Telegraph Creek, Wrangell, and Petersburg. 

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Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska Resolution for a United Tribal Transboundary Mining Workgroup

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Cassiar Iskut-Stikine Land and Resource Management Plan (LRMP)

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Out of Respect: the Tahltan, Mining and Seven Questions to Sustainability

The Tahltan Mining Symposium brought together 28 Tahltan, nine representatives from industry and government and a facilitator from the International Institute for Sustainable Development to undertake a review of the relationship between the Tahltan people and territory, and mining/mineral activities—past, present and future. 

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Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska Resolution on Negative Effects of Canadian Transboundary Mining

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Tamed Rivers: A Guide to River Diversion Hydropower in British Columbia

A Watershed Watch Salmon Society report providing extensive details on the environmental effects and planning of river diversion projects.

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Deep North: Canada’s Stikine River Valley

A National Geographic article on the Stikine River by author Wade Davis. 

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Letter of Concern to the Alaska congressional delegation and the U.S. Department of State

A letter from Alaskan commercial and sport fishing groups, businesses, communities, tribes, conservation groups and individuals concerned that mining development in northwest British Columbia poses significant risks to downstream Alaskan interests, including water quality, customary and traditional fishing and hunting, commercial and sport fisheries and tourism. The groups request assistance and leadership from the Alaska Congressional Delegation and the U.S. Department of State to identify appropriate mechanisms to provide specific guarantees the natural resources Alaskans depend on will not be harmed by upstream development.

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Fair Mining Practices: A New Mining Code for British Columbia

A report from the Fair Mining Collaborative, focusing on positive solutions to complex mining issues. A multi-purpose document, it is a valuable resource for First Nations and other communities whether they are developing mining and resource policies based on traditional laws and customs, negotiating with mining companies, grappling with the tide of internet claim-staking, or searching for solutions to the legacy of mines. 

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Southeast Alaska Wolverine Study Progress Report

A report on wolverine research in southeast Alaska, undertaken by The Wolverine Foundation and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. 

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Odyssey to the Sacred Headwaters

Professor Wade Davis describes the beauty of the Sacred Headwaters, the threats to it, and the response of native groups and concerned citizens as part of UBC Reads Sustainability.

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Uncertainty Upstream

A June 2015 report from the BC First Nation Energy and Mining Council on potential threats from tailings facility failures in northern British Columbia. 

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A New Climate for Conservation: Nature, Carbon and Climate Change in British Columbia

A report by Dr. Jim Pojar exploring the role of nature conservation in a climate action strategy for ecological adaptation and ecological mitigation in British Columbia.

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Video: Xboundary, from Salmon Beyond Borders

This video from Salmon Beyond Borders tells the important story of three rivers in British Columbia and Southeast Alaska that are in danger from mines frighteningly similar to Mount Polley.

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The Big Dig: CTV News Report on Northwest BC Mining Boom

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Letter of Concern from the Alaska Congressional Delegation to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry

A letter of concern from the Alaska congressional delegation to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry about the proposed development of several hardrock mines in British Columbia and water quality in transboundary rivers that flow from Canada into Southeast Alaska. 

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Salmon Beyond Borders

Salmon Beyond Borders provides information on the mining boom in northwest British Columbia that could threaten Southeast Alaska’s salmon, rivers, fishing and tourism jobs, and unique way of life.

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Dangerous Dams

A Rivers Without Borders report on how the Mount Polley Mine report shows the inherent risks of watered tailings impoundments in the transboundary Taku, Iskut-Stikine, and Unuk River watersheds. 

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Integrated Systems Research Program: Cumulative Effects Assessment

A collaborative project of the Bulkley Valley Research Centre on cumulative effects assessment in northwest British Columbia, including a case study on the Iskut-Stikine and upper Nass watersheds. With increasing development pressures, there is a growing recognition of the need to understand and assess the potential impacts of not only large-scale development but of incremental small scale development that can accumulate over time.  These cumulative effects can be defined as changes to environmental, social, and economic values caused by the combined effect of present, past, and reasonably foreseeable future actions or events on the land base.

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2014 Map of Current and Proposed Mining, Energy, and Forestry Development in Northwest British Columbia

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Stikine River Mining Activity Risk Assessment

A comprehensive and critical review of the environmental effects monitoring programs for the proposed Galore and Shaft Creek mines in the Iskut-Stikine watershed, from the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. 

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Spreading The Risk: Population Diversity Boosts Fishery Resilience

Nature article on population diversity in salmon species that suggests reducing the homogenizing effects of hatcheries on genetic diversity, protecting weak stocks from over-harvesting, and maintaining intact habitat networks should be prioritized.

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Southeast Alaska Salmon and Trout: A $1Billion Economic Engine

A Trout Unlimited report on the economic importance of salmon and trout to the economy of southeast Alaska. 

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Pacific Salmon Resources in Northern British Columbia and Yukon Transboundary Rivers

A Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council report examining wild salmon resources in Canadian portions of northern BC and Yukon transboundary rivers. The report notes: "There is limited scientific information, priority identification, or relevant information available to help protect the tranboundary region’s most sensitive spawning and rearing salmon habitats and watersheds being exposed to major resource extraction project development and expansion – i.e. mining in Taku, Stikine, and Alsek, and placer mining regime in Upper Yukon, as well as hydro electric installations, coal bed methane projects, pipelines and transmission corridors."

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Eulachon: A Review of Biology and an Annotated Bibliography

An Alaska Fisheries Science Center review of available literature on eulachon intended to provide a platform for the research that is needed to fill in the many gaps in understanding of this species.

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State of the Salmon

State of the Salmon (SoS) is a Wild Salmon Center program that builds knowledge across borders, linking a greater understanding of Pacific salmon to their improved management and conservation around the Pacific Rim.

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Grizzly Bear Population Inventory & Monitoring Across the Skeena Region of British Columbia

The Skeena Region represents almost one-third of British Columbia, including the transboundary region, and includes 15 grizzly bear population units. Due to the general lack of baseline information about populations and associated trends, there is no comprehensive plan for regional management of grizzly bear populations and habitats. This report by Clayton Apps, PhD, reviews and assesses current knowledge regarding grizzly bear populations across the region and provides a geographic prioritization of objectives pertaining to grizzly bear population inventory and monitoring.

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Sub-lethal Metal Toxicity Effects on Salmonids: A Review

A SkeenaWild report on heavy metals and the lowest concentrations of metals reported to cause sub-lethal effects on salmonids. Heavy metals are common pollutants of aquatic systems, often associated with human activities such as hard-rock mining. Fish are vulnerable to metals because of sensitive organs that are continuously in contact with water, and because metals are highly soluble in water. 

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Permitting of “Wet” Mine Tailings Impoundment Facilities in British Columbia and B.C.-Alaska Transboundary Watersheds

Statement of opposition by a large and diverse group of Canadians and Americans calling on the British Columbia government to halt the permitting of wet tailings facilities for new and proposed mines in B.C. based on the Independent Expert Panel recommendations on the Mount Polley mine tailings disaster.

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